What is Drupal?

Meaning & Definition


Drupal is an open-source content management system (CMS) and web development platform that is used to create and manage websites, web applications, and online content. It provides a flexible and robust framework for building and customizing websites, making it a popular choice for a wide range of users, from individuals and small businesses to large organizations and government agencies.

Here are some key features and aspects of Drupal:

  • Open Source

Drupal is open-source software, which means it is freely available for anyone to use, modify, and distribute. It has a large and active community of developers and users who contribute to its development and provide support.

  • Content Management

Drupal is primarily known as a content management system, allowing users to create, edit, organize, and publish a wide variety of content, including text, images, videos, and other media.

  • Customization

Drupal is highly customizable and extensible. It provides a wide range of modules and themes that can be used to tailor websites to specific needs. Developers can create custom modules and themes to further extend its functionality.

  • User Roles and Permissions

Drupal offers a robust system for defining user roles and permissions, allowing administrators to control who can access, edit, and publish content on the website. This is particularly useful for multi-user or collaborative websites.

  • Scalability

Drupal can scale to handle websites of various sizes, from small personal blogs to large enterprise websites with high traffic. It is known for its performance and scalability.

  • Community Support

The Drupal community is active and offers support, documentation, and thousands of contributed modules and themes that extend the platform’s functionality.

  • Security

Drupal places a strong emphasis on security and offers regular security updates to protect against vulnerabilities. It is a trusted platform for organizations with stringent security requirements.

  • Multilingual Support

Drupal provides extensive multilingual support, allowing websites to be built in multiple languages and tailored to a global audience.

  • Accessibility

Drupal is designed to create accessible websites that can be used by people with disabilities, aligning with international web accessibility standards.

  • Version History

Drupal has several major versions, with the most notable being Drupal 7, Drupal 8, Drupal 9, and Drupal 10 (as of my last knowledge update in September 2021). Each version brought significant improvements and changes.

  • Mobile Responsiveness

Drupal is built with mobile responsiveness in mind, making it suitable for creating websites that work well on various devices, including smartphones and tablets.

  • E-commerce

With the help of e-commerce modules like Drupal Commerce, the platform can be used to build online stores and e-commerce websites.

Drupal is often chosen for its flexibility and the ability to create complex and highly customized websites. However, it may have a steeper learning curve compared to some other CMS platforms, and building a Drupal website often requires technical expertise or the assistance of experienced developers. The choice of a CMS, including Drupal, depends on the specific requirements and goals of the website or web application you want to create.

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