Meaning & Definition
Informal communication, also known as grapevine communication or informal networks, refers to the exchange of information, ideas, and messages within an organization that occurs outside of the formal channels or established hierarchical structure. It involves interactions and conversations among employees that are not governed by official communication protocols or procedures.
Key characteristics of informal communication
Informal communication arises naturally and spontaneously, often in unplanned, everyday interactions among employees.
It is not bound by rigid rules or predetermined formats, allowing for free-flowing and adaptable conversations.
Informal communication is unofficial in nature and is not part of the organization’s formal reporting or communication structure.
It often occurs during social interactions, such as water cooler chats, coffee breaks, or casual conversations in the workplace.
- Rumors and Gossip
Informal communication can sometimes involve the spread of rumors, gossip, or unofficial information, which may or may not be accurate.
- Quick Dissemination
Informal communication can spread information rapidly through a network of employees, potentially reaching a wider audience than formal communication.
Informal communication relies on personal relationships and networks within the organization. It often follows the paths of individuals with strong connections to various colleagues.
Informal communication serves several functions within an organization:
- Supplement to Formal Communication
It often complements formal communication channels by providing additional information, context, or perspectives.
Informal communication can serve as a source of feedback from employees to management, conveying their concerns, opinions, and suggestions.
- Social Bonding
It fosters social connections and relationships among employees, contributing to a positive workplace culture and team cohesion.
- Cultural Transmission
It can transmit organizational culture, values, and norms through storytelling and informal discussions.
Informal communication can be an effective means of solving problems and sharing solutions among employees.
While informal communication can have positive aspects, such as enhancing camaraderie and sharing valuable insights, it can also carry risks. Rumors, misinformation, and unverified information can spread quickly through informal channels, potentially causing confusion or mistrust within the organization. It’s important for organizations to strike a balance between allowing informal communication to flourish and managing it to prevent the negative consequences of misinformation or misunderstandings. Additionally, organizations can leverage informal networks to promote positive culture and encourage open dialogue, as well as incorporate them into their overall communication strategies.