Meaning & Definition
E-recruitment, also known as online recruitment or electronic recruitment, refers to the practice of using Internet and electronic resources, including websites, social media, and online job boards, to attract, source, assess, and hire job candidates. E-recruitment has become a standard and efficient method for both employers and job seekers to connect in the modern job market. It has largely replaced traditional paper-based methods and physical job postings.
Key features and elements of e-recruitment
- Online Job Postings
Employers and recruiters post job openings on their websites or job boards, which can be accessed by potential candidates via the Internet.
- Resume Databases
Employers often maintain digital databases of resumes and candidate profiles, allowing them to search for suitable candidates when new job openings arise.
- Application Portals
E-recruitment systems typically provide online application forms for candidates to submit their resumes and cover letters electronically.
- Job Aggregator Sites
Websites and platforms, often known as job aggregators, compile job listings from various sources, making it easier for job seekers to find relevant opportunities.
- Social Media Recruiting
Employers and recruiters utilize social media platforms like LinkedIn, Facebook, and Twitter to promote job openings, connect with potential candidates, and conduct preliminary assessments.
- Applicant Tracking Systems (ATS
ATS software is commonly used to manage the recruitment process. It helps streamline candidate screening, shortlisting, and communication with applicants.
- Online Assessments
Some e-recruitment systems incorporate online tests and assessments to evaluate candidates’ skills, knowledge, and suitability for specific roles.
- Video Interviews
E-recruitment often includes video interview platforms that allow employers to conduct initial interviews remotely.
Benefits of e-recruitment for employers
- Wider Reach
Online recruitment allows organizations to reach a larger and more diverse pool of candidates, including passive job seekers who may not actively visit traditional job fairs or read print ads.
- Cost Savings
E-recruitment can reduce costs associated with traditional advertising, printing, and distribution of job postings.
Digital application processes and applicant tracking systems can streamline candidate selection and communication.
- Data Analytics
Online systems provide data and analytics that help organizations track and assess their recruitment efforts.
For job seekers, e-recruitment offers the following advantages:
Job seekers can easily search and apply for jobs from the comfort of their homes or via mobile devices.
- Access to Opportunities
Online platforms make it easier for job seekers to find job openings and research companies.
- Faster Response
Electronic application processes and communication often lead to quicker responses from employers.
E-recruitment has become a standard practice in many industries and sectors, and it continues to evolve with the use of artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning in candidate screening and matching. It is a dynamic field that adapts to changes in technology and user behavior, making it a critical component of modern talent acquisition.